Home Releases 2023, №1 (49)


History of Russia: from ancient times to 1917 , UDC: 94(47).083 DOI: 10.25688/20-76-9105.2023.49.1.04


  • Ivanov Andrey A. Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor
  • Artsueva Anna S.


The article is devoted to the views of Russian right-wingers (black-hundredists and nationalists) on the foreign policy of the Russian Empire, conditioned upon the events of the Constitutional Revolution in Iran of 1905–1911. The purpose of the publication is to identify and analyze the views of Russian conservatives on the Persian question at the beginning of the XXth century, since they still remain under investigated. The article pays attention to all the main stages of development of Russian policy in Iran over the specified period. It analyzes the reaction of the rightists to the Anglo-Russian agreement of 1907, to the participation of the Russian military in the monarchical coup of Mohammad Ali Shah, as well as to the government’s decision to send Russian troops to Iran in 1909 and the intervention of 1911. Differences and similarities in Russian nationalists’ and extreme rightists’ views on Russia’s participation in the events of the Persian revolution are revealed on the basis of the periodical press and conservatives’ publicistic works and the attitude to the actions of the Russian government is estimated. At the initial stage of development of the Persian question the moderate rightists and nationalists approved the steps taken by Russian diplomacy. Despite this fact the policy of Russia in Iran during the period of the Constitutional Revolution eventually led to the fact that the actions of the Russian Foreign Ministry began to be criticized by representatives of all right-wing organizations of the Russian Empire.

How to link insert

Ivanov, A. A. & Artsueva, A. S. (2023). “TO BRING ORDER WITH AN IRON HAND”: RUSSIAN RIGHT-WINGERS AND THE PERSIAN REVOLUTION OF 1905–1911 Bulletin of the Moscow City Pedagogical University. Series "Pedagogy and Psychology", 2023, №1 (49), 38. https://doi.org/10.25688/20-76-9105.2023.49.1.04
1. 1. Artsueva A. S. Rossiiskaia interventsiia v Iran po materialam russkoi konservativnoi pressy (vesna – leto 1909 g.) [Russian intervention in Iran on the materials of the Russian conservative press (spring – summer 1909)] // Reports of the Laboratory of Ancient Technologies. 2022. Vol. 18. № 3. P. 206–216. (In Russ.).
2. 2. Beliankina V. Iu. Vneshnepoliticheskie vzgliady russkikh pravykh v nachale XX veka (1905–1914 gg.) [Foreign policy views of the Russian right-wingers at the beginning of the XXth century (1905–1914)]: dis. ... kand. ist. nauk. Kostroma, 2005. 215 p. (In Russ.).
3. 3. Beliankina V. Iu. Natsional’nye interesy Rossii na Srednem Vostoke v kontse XIX – nachale XX veka cherez prizmu vneshnepoliticheskikh vzgliadov russkikh konservatorov [Russia’s national interests in the Middle East at the end XIXth – early XXth century through the prism of foreign policy views of Russian conservatives] // Vseobshchaia istoriia. 2021. № 2. P. 22–30. (In Russ.).
4. 4. Berzina A. A. Persiia i anglo-russkie otnosheniia kontsa XIX – nachala XX v. [Persia and Anglo-Russian relations in the late XIXth – early XXth centuries] // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i iuridicheskie nauki, kul’turologiia i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2013. № 2 (28). P. 22–24. (In Russ.).
5. 5. Ivanov A. A. Soiuz Rossii s Frantsiei i Velikobritaniei v otsenke russkikh pravykh nachala XX veka [The alliance of Russia with France and Great Britain in the perception of Russian right-wingers in the early XXth century] // MCU Journal of Historical Studies. 2022. № 3 (47). P. 27–43. (In Russ.).
6. 6. Istoriia vneshnei politiki Rossii: v 5 t. T. 5. Konets XIX – nachalo XX veka (Ot russko-frantsuzskogo soiuza do Oktiabr’skoi revoliutsii) [History of Russia’s foreign policy: in 5 vols. Vol. 5. The end of the XIXth – the beginning of the XXth century (from the Russian- French union to the October Revolution)]. Moscow: Akademicheskii proekt; Paradigma, 2018. 658 p. (In Russ.).
7. 7. Kulagina L. M. Rossiia i Iran (XIX – nachalo XX veka) [Russia and Iran (XIXth – early XXth century)]. Moscow: Kliuch-S, 2010. 272 p. (In Russ.).
8. 8. Omel’ianchuk I. V. Vneshnepoliticheskie problemy v ideologii chernosotennykh partii v Rossiiskoi imperii [Foreign policy problems in the ideology of the Black Hundred Parties in the Russian Empire] // Sbornik materialov nauchnykh konferentsii: «Konservatizm v Rossii i mire: proshloe i nastoiashchee», «Natsional’nyi vopros v Evrope v novoe noveishee vremia», «Pravyi konservatizm v Rossii i russkom zarubezh’e v novoe i noveishee vremia». Voronezh: Istoki, 2005. P. 113–122. (In Russ.).
9. 9. Omel’ianchuk I. V. «Dom, razdelivshiisia v sebe»: raskol Soiuza russkogo naroda [“A house divided in itself”: the split of the Union of the Russian people] // Rossiiskaia istoriia. 2021. № 1. P. 124–139. (In Russ.).
10. 10. Omel’ianchuk I. V. Chernosotennoe dvizhenie v Rossiiskoi imperii (1901–1914) [Black Hundred movement in the Russian Empire (1901–1914)]. Kiev: MAUP, 2006. 744 p. (In Russ.).
11. 11. Pikatova N. V. Deiatel’nost’ konsul’skoi sluzhby Rossii v Persii vo vremia persidskoi revoliutsii 1905–1911 gg. v osveshchenii russkoi pressy [The activities of the Russian consulate in Persia during the Persian revolution 1905–1911 in the coverage of the Russian press] // Izvestia: Herzen University Journal of Humanities & Sciences. 2012. № 133. P. 55–60. (In Russ.).
12. 12. Pikatova N. V. Russkoe obshchestvennoe mnenie i politika Rossii v Persii v 1905–1909 gg. [Russian public opinion and Russian policy in Persia in 1905–1909] // Saint Petersburg University Bulletin. Ser. 2: Istoriia. 2011. № 3. P. 173–180. (In Russ.).
13. 13. Politicheskie partii Rossii. Konets XIX – nachalo XX v. [Political parties of Russia. Late XIXth – early XXth century]: v 3 t. T. 1: Konservativnye partii [Conservative parties] / V. V. Zhuravlev, A. A. Ivanov i dr. Moscow: Politicheskaia entsiklopediia, 2022. 599 p. (In Russ.).
14. 14. Repnikov A. V. Konservativnye kontseptsii pereustroistva Rossii [Conservative concepts of Russia rearrangement]. Moscow: Academia, 2007. 519 p. (In Russ.).
15. 15. Repnikov A. V. «Ne budem my zashhishhat’ grud’ju Evropu ot Azii» (geopoliticheskie proekty russkih konservatorov) [“We will not defend Europe from Asia” (geopolitical projects of Russian conservatives)] // Romanovskie chteniia. Tsentr i provintsiia v sisteme rossiiskoi gosudarstvennosti: materialy konferentsii (Kostroma, 26–27 marta 2009 g.) / sost. i nauch. red. A. M. Belov, A. V. Novikov. Kostroma: KGU im. N. A. Nekrasova, 2009. P. 275–290. (In Russ.).
16. 16. Ter-Oganov N. K. Persidskaia kazach’ia brigada. 1879– 1921 gg. [The Persian cossack brigade. 1879–1921]. Moscow: Institut vostokovedeniia RAN, 2012. 352 p. (In Russ.).
Download file .pdf 368.26 kb